Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad has successfully taken up different conservation breeding programmes. In the past, this Zoo has bred marsh crocodiles and released them into wild. At present Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad as directed by the Central Zoo Authority has taken the responsibility of breeding Mouse Deer and Vultures in ex-situ conditions.
Apart from these, this Zoo has successfully bred many endangered species: Asiatic Lion, Royal Bengal Tiger, Rhinoceros, Elephant, Nilgiri Langur, Lion tailed Macaque, Black Buck, Spotted Deer, Sambar Deer, Nilgai, Pelican, Python, Green Iguna , Chemilion ,Soft shelled Turtle etc.,. Among the exotic animals, Chimpanzee, Jaguar, Baboons, Hippopotamus and Pheasants are on frontline.